Electrocautery is an apparatus for surgical dissection and hemostasis, using heat generated by a high-voltage, high-frequency alternating current passed through an electrode that consists of a red hot piece of metal, such as a wire, held in a holder. The term electrocautery is used to refer to both the procedure and the instrument used in the procedure.

Monopolar/unipolar electrocautery  is an electrocautery in which current is applied through a handheld active electrode and travels back to the generator through an inactive electrode attached to the patient (the grounding pad), so that the patient is part of the electrical circuit.
Bipolar electrocautery is an electrocautery in which both active and return electrodes are incorporated into a single handheld instrument, so that the current passes between the tips of the two electrodes and affects only a small amount of tissue.
An electrocautery uses a very high frequency, usually upwards of 100 kHz, to ensure that the patient's nerves and muscles are not stimulated. Lower frequencies could cause twitching and cramps, which would be a serious problem. Depending on the voltage used, the electrocautery can have varying effects on the patient's body.
However, there are some cautions involved when using electrocautery. It is important to use the equipment properly and to keep it in good working order to ensure that only the area of interest is coming into contact with heat or electrical current. If electrocautery is not performed with safe equipment, the patient's body could potentially be burned elsewhere.Electrocautery is not recommended for circumcision used because it can caused many complications likes:
·    Cutting using the heat from metal piece can produce deep burn injury and may caused extensive damages to nerve, blood vessels and penile tissues. It is estimated electrocoutry can produce burn injury about 0.5 cm depth and usually produced thick and deep contracted scars tissues.
·       Extensive burn of the penile tissues may caused penile cancer in the future


·      Electrocautery may burn part of the sensitive nerve and this may leads to chronic short pain due to disturbances in the nerve conductivity
·       Gangrene of the penile skin or even the tip of the glans penis had been reported due to the heat generated caused acute vasoconstriction and coagulated blood.

·       Serious permanent injury to the penis may happened and many cases reported involved glandular injury with few cases of penile amputation. 
·       Risk of electrocuted if the equipment is not maintain proper services.
Circumcision is not for a disease treatment so it is not wise to subject a child  for unnecessary serious risk of electrocoutry as mention above, thus many country already ban the used of electrocautery for circumcision, this include Turki.